Dear readers, as we all know, all organisms use oxygen for their metabolic activities. That’s why oxygen is a vital component for life.But oxygen is double-edged sword.Oxygen has the capacity to be a part of harmful molecules called free radicals and it is a reactive atom.
What Is Free Radicals?
Electrons want to be in pairs. So free radicals will match electrons but the last electrons of the free radical are not pairs. For this reason free radicals are search the available electrons. So they attack the surrounding molecules and damage our body cells. This event can cause serious illness.
Some of the damages caused by free radicals are:
- heart disease
- decline in brain function
- decline in immune system etc.
As a result, free radicals are associated with the formation of at least 50 diseases, but free radicals are necessary for life and are an important part of the metabolism. Free radicals are byproducts of chemical processes like metabolism. The substances that cause free radicals can be found in fried foods, insecticides, alcohol and cigarettes. The formation of free radicals is controlled by antioxidants known as various useful compounds.
What Is Antioxidant?
Antioxidants have attenuating properties against damage from free radicals. Free radicals are deactivated with antioxidants before they attack the cell. Antioxidants deactivate free radicals.
- Antioxidants are chemical substance.
- Antioxidants structure are tends to gives electron.
- Antioxidants can be produced by our body or it can be taken ready by food from outside.
The most important antioxidants taken from the outside: A, C, E vitamins, selenium, Beta-carotene and other carotene derivatives, lycopene, lutein and resveratrol. If you think you can get these antioxidants through which foods;
Vitamin A and carotenoids: Carrots, zucchini, broccoli, tomatoes, black cabbage, apricots, peaches
Vitamin C: Oranges and citrus fruits, broccoli, green peppers, strawberries
Vitamin E: Nuts, walnuts, vegetable oils
Selenium: Fish, red meat, eggs, chicken, garlic
Lutein: Broccoli, kiwi, spinach
Lycopene: Watermelon, grapefruit, tomato
Flavonoids and polyphenols: Pomegranate, red wine, purple grapes.
By consuming the various vegetables and fruits mentioned above, you can get the necessary antioxidants for your body.
Antioxidants produced in our body are;
- Superoxide dismutase,
- glutathione peroxidase can be given as example.
Reducing signs of aging by antioxidants has been proven in studies. So you need antioxidants to protect your body’s freshness. The most important thing for this is to prefer natural and organic foods.
Stay with science and freshness …